The Gospels — Direct Testimonies or Late Writings?

I am a Marine on fire for The Lord. I Love your work sir, and I am a huge fan! My question is, I feel like the arguments for saying the gospels where written before 70A. D, is very powerful. D and the other gospels where written after 70 A. Thank you sir. United States. Jacob, thank you for your service to our country!

#555 Dating the Gospels

By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy , Privacy Policy , and our Terms of Service. Biblical Hermeneutics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for professors, theologians, and those interested in exegetical analysis of biblical texts. It only takes a minute to sign up. So considering that the oldest copies of the gospels are dated to around AD I’m thinking of the Codex Sinaiticus , how do scholars go about estimating the date of composition of the gospels?

While the Codex Sinaiticus dates from the 4 th century, other manuscript fragments date much earlier. The Greek unical codices provide important clues to the development of the Canon, but are less important as evidence of the date of composition.

New Testament scholars no longer accept such early dates as 40 CE for the gospels, although it is likely that many theologians still do. This was a speculative date.

Skeptical New Testament scholar Bart Ehrman offers a brief look at how many Bible scholars estimate when the Gospels were written. These estimates are very popular, and not just among skeptical scholars. Many conservative scholars accept them as well. My own view is that they are too late by a couple of decades, but Ehrman correctly reports their popularity in the scholarly community.

Before trying to assign dates to particular Gospels, it can be helpful to try to identify a broader range of years in which they were composed. To begin with, none of the Gospels appears to have been known to the apostle Paul, writing in the 50s. This point is largely fair. He does echo a lot of things we find in the Gospels, but that could be due—and likely is due—to his use of oral tradition about Jesus. Luke was a travelling companion of Paul Acts , , , ; cf.

When it came time to write his Gospel, he likely used the Pauline version of the words of institution that he was familiar with. In fact, the passage is normally taken as a reference to a brother Christian who was famous for preaching the gospel—not for having written a Gospel some Bible versions even translate the verse that way. But others—myself included—believe Paul wrote it and would place it near the end of his life, perhaps around A.

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Most scholars date the Gospels between 40 and 65 years from the death of Christ as follows: Mark 70 AD, Matthew 80 AD, Luke 85 AD and John.

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The evidence shows that the four Gospels were written in a relatively short time after the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Examining the internal evidence of the New Testament itself can make this plain.

Dating the Gospels and the Resurrection Story

Jump to navigation. Dating the gospels is very important. If it can be established that the gospels were written early, say before the year A. If they were written by the disciples, then their reliability, authenticity, and accuracy are better substantiated.

While teaching a recent Colson Center Short Course, I was asked about the dating of John’s Gospel. This New Testament text is generally believed to have been.

This conclusion relies on tools that can be tested e. AD Ministry of Jesus. Death of John the Baptist according to Josephus and last year of Pilate’s rule. Earlier dates for Jesus rely on the supernatural infancy stories so they can be discounted. Earlier dates also introduce a gap AD where nothing much happens, just at the time when economic theory suggests the movement should be changing most dramatically.

AD Saul Paul claims to have seen Jesus still alive. He goes to Arabia for three years to think it over. AD Abomination of desolation: Caligula tries to place an idol in the temple. Israel in uproar. Paul goes to Jerusalem and begins to develop his Gentile-centered doctrine Galatians Peter begins to soften toward the gentiles Acts 10 AD Caligula dies. Claudius reigns.

Unrest among the Jews, caused by the abomination of desolation, leads Claudius to ban Roman Jews from meeting in groups. AD Mark’s gospel is written.

The Dating of the New Testament

As Easter season arrives each year, national attention turns toward the Resurrection of Jesus. Sadly, most news outlets treat Jesus skeptically during this important Christian season, challenging if he truly lived and if he rose from the grave. This New Testament text is generally believed to have been written after the other gospels Mark, Matthew and Luke. I think there are several good reasons to accept this claim, given the historical ….

Fellow Christians, behold Gospel Dating, a community which follows the New Testament and the life, death and resurrection of the Lord, Jesus Christ, our savior.

The scholarly position is stated concisely in the narrative on Dating the Gospels linked here. Other scholars date them much earlier than that, but Gary Habermas, adopts the majority scholarly view in making his argument for the historical resurrection. Another key date is the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem in 70 AD.

Incidentally, scholars in the 19th Century began to posit the idea that the Gospels were written much later, as in the 2nd Century, and that the Gospels were not written by the people attributed to them. That view of the Gospels grew into the 20th Century, but modern scholars have backed off that view and concede that the Gospels were written within a generation of the death of Jesus.

Most scholars agree that Mark was the first Gospel to be written, and that Mark was written around the year 70 AD. The Gospel of John was believed to derive from different sources like the Apostle John, himself. While there is some disagreement on how early the Gospels were written, the scholarly work of Gary Habermas has convinced most scholars, even skeptical ones, that the message of the Gospel — that Jesus, lived, died and rose from the dead, appearing to his followers — goes back many years before the Gospels are believed to have been written.

In fact, it goes back to the very beginning. We can also pinpoint some of the letters by their internal references. In Galatians 1, Paul describes that he immediately left Jerusalem after he had an encounter with Jesus because he was being sought by the authorities in Jerusalem after such a public conversion and went to Damascus. Three years later he returned to Jerusalem and met with Peter and James the brother of Jesus and head of the Church in Jerusalem.

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Robinson, is largely the result of scholarly laziness, the tyranny of unexamined presuppositions, and almost willful blindness on the part of the critics. I will be highlighting the robust, factual and thorough work of both William Lane Craig, and that of J. Warner Wallace in making the case for an early dating of both the Gospels and the epistles. He first begins by outlining the assumptions on which the post-A. In other words, the argument assumes in advance that Jesus was merely human.

But if He really was the Son of God, as the gospels state, then He could have prophesied the future.

was written before the Gospel According to Luke (Witherington , 60). One such scholar is C.S.C. Williams, who argues in his book, “The Date.

Here we have in a convenient nutshell the basic reasons behind the widely accepted dates for the Gospels. Bart Ehrman explains he is not going into details here, and one can find in the literature more nuanced arguments for relative and other dates assigned to the gospels. But with these dot points we can say we are looking at the trunk of the tree. Ditto for the book of Acts. It is unknown until Irenaeus cites it in the latter half of the second century.

That leaves only the letters of Paul themselves.

4. The Reliability of the New Testament (Authorship & Dating)


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